The need to use artificial teeth arises in the life of almost every person. Dentists recommend taking care of replacing the removed tooth as soon as possible, ideally — immediately after the removal takes place. Reducing the number of teeth leads to an increase in the load on other teeth. In addition, the presence of gaps in the dentition leads to its deformation, displacement of the remaining teeth; Align such defects is very difficult and not always possible.
Domestic dentistry has made a giant step forward in terms of manufacturing prostheses. Previously, residents of Minsk had to be content with metal crowns, but now they offer prosthetics of various types — removable and non-removable, plastic and ceramic. However, the most progressive, advanced option is implantation of teeth — an innovation in dentistry, which appeared relatively recently, but has already proved its advantage over others.
Implantation: what is it?
What is dental implantation? In general terms, its description can be reduced to the following: a prosthesis implant is implanted in the jaw, and a crown is installed on it. The design itself consists of two parts: the implant itself (immersed in the bone tissue) and the abutment — the supraclavicular part, to which the crown or ceramic prosthesis serving to replace the teeth is attached. The implant and the abutment can be a collapsible structure or be a single unit.
As a material for implantation, titanium is used. As the tests have shown, only this metal can be unequivocally called biocompatible and suitable for use in dentistry: it provides an impeccable fusion with the bone, without rejection and other side effects.
Compared with other technologies that are practiced by modern dentistry, dental implants have the following undeniable advantages:
No need to file adjacent, healthy teeth (which is inevitable, for example, when installing a bridge prosthesis). Implantation is an ideal option when the free space in the jaw is surrounded by perfectly healthy teeth.
The ability to make permanent dentures of long length. If the jaw does not have a lot of teeth in a row (or there are no teeth at all), you can not use removable dentures (which, even though they are the most modern, still provide some inconvenience), and install implants. If necessary, implanted artificial teeth can serve as a reliable support for a bridge-like fixed prosthesis or removable clasp structures.
Prevention of jaw bone atrophy. If the bone does not receive a functional load, then it quickly atrophies, decreasing in volume. To avoid this, the jaw areas with the removed teeth should be promptly supplied with implants.
The main types of implants
Implantation of teeth implies the installation of root, plate and basal implants.
Root-shaped — the most common type. They are screwed and cylindrical. The screw implant is actually a screw that is screwed into the bone. Cylindrical engraft in other ways — it is especially effective to use porous structures that are able to provide the best possible fusion.
Plastic dental implants dentistry rarely uses: mainly when the bone is not wide enough for the construction of the root type. Such designs allow increasing the length of the subcutaneous part — and, accordingly, the strength of the entire implant.
Finally, a basal implant. They are inserted into the jaw not from above, but from the side, do not require the build-up of bone tissue, as well as the use of numerous incisions and sutures during the operation.
Implantation of the teeth can take place in one or two stages. With a two-stage implantation between the stages, it should take 3 months for the lower jaw, and four months for the upper jaw. In addition, direct implantation is given: it is performed immediately after the extraction of the teeth. For delayed implantation, a full reconstruction of the bone tissue at the site of the removed teeth is required — this takes 6 months.
In what order is the implantation of teeth in our salon?
Everything begins with a thorough examination of a specialist. The dentist examines the x-ray images of the patient’s jaw, assesses the condition of the hard and soft tissues of his mouth, the density of bone tissue. Based on this analysis, the doctor decides on the need for implantation.
Direct implantation begins with a surgical operation: insertion of the implant into the jaw tissue. The operation is performed under local anesthesia. After this, the healing stage (3-4 months) begins, during which the osteointegration (healing of the implant in the bone tissue) takes place. Thanks to the use of titanium, the healing process in more than 90% of cases passes without any deviations.